Historical - Hiking Pathways

The Municipal Administration of Ragogna hereby accepts no responsibility for any risks deriving from going along the pathways described in this Guide.
The guided visits are recommended for less experienced hikers.

Map of the Pathways - Download - logo pdf

The Pathways - Download - logo pdf



sites of historical-military interest linked with the Great War or the pre-war period
p starting point (of each pathway)
a arrival point (of each pathway)
1 pathway of the Italian fortified compound of Mt. Ragogna
2 pathway of the Austrian-Hungarian entrenched compound of the Tagliamento shores
3 pathway of the Pinzano bridge and the permanent battery on Col Colàt
4 pathway of the military roads between Clapat and Mt. Cuar
M Historical Museum

Pathway #1 - the Fortified Compound of Mt. Ragogna.

P Starting point.
1 Pinzano bridge.
2 Reunia Castle and plaque of Corporal Ruggero Angeli.
3 Military mule-trail Pontaiba - Mt. Ragogna.
4 Line-of-communications mule-trail.
5 Permanent battery “Ragogna Bassa” -logistical area.
6 Permanent battery “Ragogna Bassa” -emplacements for medium-caliber guns.
7 Exit of the line-of-communications mule-trail, variant B.
8 Panoramic viewpoint.
9 Third-line trenches.
10 exit of the line-of-communications mule-trail, variant A.
11 Permanent battery “Ragogna Alta” - Fort “Cavallino”.
12 Permanent battery “Ragogna Alta” - barbette emplacements and armored ammunition magazines.
13 Strongpoint “Cret dal Louf”.
14 Strongpoint “La Spice”.
15 Machine gun nest in cave.
16 First-line trenches.
A Arrival point.
Time needed: about 6:00 hours (two cars are recommended, in order not to walk along the Muris - Tabine road, closing the ring).
Difficulty: none; the “line-of-communications mule-trail” variant is for the sure-footed.
After having enjoyed the beautiful view over the river and on the former German cemetery of Pinzano, from the place named “Tabine” (P) head towards the bridge over the Tagliamento. On its side closer to Ragogna a Great War plaque stands out (1 - a similar plaque can be seen in the main square of San Pietro). Go in front of the Reunia Castle, in whose humble graveyard there is the tomb of an engineer who died while building the military access to Mt. Ragogna (2). Go ahead towards the “Woods”, then turn along the former wartime road coming from Pontaiba (3). This brings you to the tourist road, along which you'll see the entry to the original line-of-communications mule-trail (4)(a variant climbing to the ridge by cutting across the sheer and fascinating Northern crags), then reaching the remains of the permanent battery “Ragogna Bassa” (5). Many vestiges are present there, including some pillboxes and ammo magazines that retain pencil writings that the soldiers garrisoning the mountain wrote during the war. The ruins of the overlooking water plant are also noticeable, just like the nearby emplacements for the 149mm ordnance (6).
Very soon, by following an easy path, you'll be walking astride the sweeping panoramic ridge, passing at times close to the elements of the third defensive line and the several exits of the branches of the lines-of-communications mule-trail (7-8-9-10). Finally, you'll conquer the North-Eastern end of the ridge, close to the permanent battery “Ragogna Alta”. Apart from the armored powder magazines, you can now see the Fort “Cavallino”, a local hardened position for sheltering the gunners and the ammunition for the artillery deployed across the open area in front of it (11). In the vicinity, it is worth mentioning the barbette installation, which at the time was served by a vertical ammunition elevator, which is now part of a private estate (12). Following the summit entrenchments, reach the small San Giovanni Church, then go on towards the strongpoints named Cret dal Louf (13) and Spice (14); you can explore the second line of resistance positions not far from here (15). These are the trenches where the battle was fought in October - November, 1917. Now, along the surfaced road or the older parallel layout, you'll brush the outpost trenches (16) which saw no less than seven Imperial assaults pushed back, and you can go down to Muris (A), then going back to the starting point (P).

Pathway #2 - The Austrian-Hungarian Entrenched Compound of Ragogna.

P Starting point.
1 Remains of an emplacement, with an inscription.
2 3 4 Armored positions.
5 Defensive line and plaques of the Austrian Engineer Corps Technical School.
A Arrival point.
Difficulty: none.
Time needed: 3:00 hours.
The first vestige you can observe is a ruined machine gun nest still retaining part of a plaque set in by its builders (1). It is in a private ground some 500 mt. after the starting point, on the right of the surfaced road towards Villuzza and San Giacomo, slightly above an ancient cross.
The pathway proper, however, follows a dirt track towards the spectacular drop over the Tagliamento waters.
Having reached the margin, you will meet with the slits of an interred Blockhaus (2) where the Rio Fos stream merges with the most important Friulan river. Slightly farther ahead, other remarkable bunkers emerge, the most peculiar of which is castled over a rampart overlooking the river bed (3 and 4).
Go ahead to the South for some 300 meters, always following the ridge line, in order to find a final important entrenchment node (5). The accesses, partially crumbled, show two remarkable plaques that read 4th Company, Imperial - Royal Technical Course.
Having admired the splendid landscape around you, you can conclude the pathway by reaching the place named Tabine (A), which is the starting point for the paths on Mt. Ragogna. Otherwise, you can go back to the starting point of this pathway (P), from where you can reach Pignano by car. Here, in front of the local Austrian-Hungarian position (please comply with the road signs to visit it), the visit is over.

Pathway #3 - the Pinzano Bridge and the Permanent Battery of Col Colàt.

P Starting point.
1 Pinzano bridge.
2 Remains of the unfinished German Cemetery.
3 Logistical area of Col Colàt.
4 Permanent battery of Col Colàt. (Height 280 meters above sea level)
Time needed: 3:00 hours.
Difficulty: none.
From the place named “Tabine” (P), follow the dirt road starting beyond the restoration point, exiting on the provincial road that in a few minutes will bring you to the Pinzano bridge (1).
On the bridge exit towards Ragogna, there is a plaque honoring the last Italian defenders, commanded by Captain Moggio. The other side features the ancient toll booth and an emplacement, with metallic cover, perched upon a vertical rocky wall. Around here you can notice, among the sheer cliffs forming the spectacular gorge of the Tagliamento, other military works, harking back to the “Vallo Littorio” and the 1950s.
Go ahead and reach the vicinity of a secondary bridge of the Pinzano - Gemona rail line, a logistical artery mainly wanted by the pre-war strategic planners. If you take the mule-trail to the right, climbing up the overhanging heights, you will easily find the impressive remains of a former German memorial, whose construction began at the end of the 1930s and never completed, dedicated to the casualties of the Battle of the Tagliamento (2).
From this fascinating site, a moral monument to those soldiers who were never buried here, you can reach the center of Pinzano. After turning into the road heading for the pass between Colle del Castello and Col Colàt (height: 280 mt.), climb up along the run-down mule-trail to the left. Please note the fine support works and the period stone posts. At the first hairpin bend, you face a wide area onto which remarkable ammo magazines open (3).
In ten minutes you'll reach the summit of Col Colàt, dotted by the remains of the barbette battery for 149mm guns, which were deployed at the time in the emplacements, still visible. This is linked to an underground powder magazine by means of an ammunition elevator, some six and a half meters deep. All of that can be observed in detail, including the underground area, having bomb-proof pillboxes and an elegant stone entryway (4).

Pathway #4 - Military Roads among San Daniele, Clapàt , San Rocco and Mt. Cuar.

P Starting point.
1 Memorial dedicated to the protagonists of the Battle of Cornino.
2 Inscription of the year “1916” on the military road Cornino - Trasaghis.
3 San Rocco, theater of the clash of November 3rd, 1917.
4 Val di Tochel, axis of the Italian withdrawal on November 5th, 1917.
5 Observatory and military mule-trail of Mt. Cuar.
6 Panoramic viewpoint.
Time needed: about 7:00 hours.
Difficulty: none
From the starting point (the Western access to the Cornino bridge - P), you can initially visit the monument on the islet of Clapat: cross the first span towards Cimano, whose pre-war pillars allowed Major Redl's bold Bosnians to cross the Tagliamento, and you'll easily reach the top of this high ground. There is a moving monument, honoring the rearguards of the “Genova” and “Siracusa” Brigades, which distinguished themselves in the resistance on the Clapat islet from October 30th to November 2nd, 1917 (1).
Go back to the starting point (P), take your car, and reach the upper lake of Cornino. In the vicinity, the infrastructures of the wartime military road Cornino - Trasaghis are clearly visible; nearby, you'll also notice a period inscription dated 1916 (2).
Again by car, you can quickly reach Forgaria and San Rocco, theater of hard-fought engagements between units of the “Lombardia” Brigade and elements of the Assault Bosnian IV/4th Rgt. (3). In the fight, the brave commander of the III Battalion / 73rd Infantry Rgt., Captain Matera, lost his life, too.
Going along the road (harking back to 1915) towards the highlands of Mt. Prat, another battlefield of the Great War, you'll pass before the entry to Val Tochel (4), where on November 5th the rearguards of the Alliney Group and “Lombardia” Brigade faced the vanguards of the German Jaeger Division. Then reach Cuel di Forchia (parking), from where you can walk towards the fascinating peak of Mt. Cuar (1:30 hours, easy path). There, you can find the vestiges of the local observatory and the bold pre-war mule-trail marking the Southern slope of the ridge between Mt. Cuar and Mt. Flagjel (5). Once you have gone down to Mt. Prat again, you can look onto the spectacular landscape that can be enjoyed from the exceptional balcony of the Stavoli Ledrania panoramic viewpoint, overlooking the Friulan plains and the Middle Tagliamento war theater (6).
Finally, conclude the trip with a visit to the castle hill of San Daniele del Friuli. There is a small church at the top, with a posthumous plaque to an artillery officer who fell there in the fight of October 30th, 1917 (8). Not far from here, there is the war museum set up by the local ANA Section (7 - with seat in the immediate vicinity of the Vittorio Emanuele II Square of San Daniele), and both deserve an attentive visit.


An articulate network of road signs, with reference to the national highway S.S. 463, leads towards the “Sights of the Great War”, near Ragogna, Forgaria nel Friuli and San Daniele del Friuli. The signs set up within the scope of our Project are brown in color (similar to all signs having a cultural character) and they contain the reading: “I LUOGHI DELLA GRANDE GUERRA” together with the intended destination (for instance: “Monte di Ragogna”).
In particular, the road signs point out the position of the museum and the starting points of the historical-hiking pathways. Along the latter you will find a remarkable number of theme panels, offering:
a. the relationship, the time needed, the difficulty, the map of the path, with the most meaningful sites (this kind of panel will be found at the beginning of the route);
b. a description of the object at hand or a historical-geographical caption about the site (fortifications, key military locations, wartime events, etc...);
c. the direction to follow along the proposed paths (wooden arrows or painted directions close to any T-junction or other point that might give rise to doubts in this sense).
In the 4 Novembre Square of San Giacomo di Ragogna a large illustrated panel is set up, summing up the history, the available pathways and the museum structure.
At this date (2007), the network of paths and panels does not extend beyond the territory of the Municipalities of Ragogna, San Daniele del Friuli and Forgaria nel Friuli, even though other areas are mentioned and visiting them is suggested, since they are important from the point of view of the events of the First World War in the sector of the Middle Tagliamento.
The paths are simple in themselves, and they are equipped with several security devices (footbridges, handrails, man-made steps, etc...) so that even the less prepared tourists can enjoy them in full comfort.