• A PROJECT JOINTLY FINANCED BY THE EUROPEAN UNION
  • EUROPEAN FUND FOR REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT
  • P.I.C. INTERREG IIIA ITALY-AUSTRIA 2000-2006
  • 2.2 MEASURE - CROSS-BORDER COOPERATION
    IN THE TOURISM SECTOR

Introduction

Foreword

This Internet site has been carried out within the scope of an Interreg III/A Italy-Austria Project titled “The Sights of the Great War in the Friulan Hills” that the Municipality of Ragogna has worked out in order to make a page of history known that most people ignore. Mt. Ragogna and the Tagliamento River were the theater of a battle during the withdrawal of the Italian Army from Caporetto in October-November, 1917.
The site contains all the initiatives launched by this project, which will be concluded by 2007. From that moment on, they will be available to visitors, who will be able not only to visit the historical sites in Ragogna and the vicinity, but also to admire a uniquely beautiful and unblemished natural environment.
I thank all those who contributed to the achievement of this important project, starting with the Austrian partner, the Mauthen Museum, and the Italian partners, the Comunità Montana dell'Agordino, AIAT of Udine, the Municipalities of San Daniele del Friuli and Forgaria nel Friuli.
I also thank the Friuli Venezia Giulia Region, the Italian State and the European Community as project funders.
I am certain that the visitors will find that Ragogna, and the partner towns of S. Daniele and Forgaria, are interesting places both for their history and landscapes, and for their food.
The trips on Mt. Ragogna, following the paths of the Great War trails, and also leading in the territory of S. Daniele and Forgaria, will offer a fine opportunity for admiring breath-taking views and for breathing in deeply the fresh and pure air of our countryside.
Have a nice visit and a nice stay.

Mirco Daffarra
Mayor of Ragogna

Introduction

The areas surrounding Ragogna, San Daniele del Friuli and Forgaria nel Friuli are deservedly famous for their characteristic features as to nature, landscape, cuisine and culture.
Until some time ago, only a few people were aware that the lands known for their “castles and ham” also were one of the most meaningful theaters of the Great War. During the first years of the Twentieth Century, they were the fulcrum of the impressive Friulan stronghold. In the fall of 1917, they were the theater of the Battle of the Tagliamento, in what was the immediate reaction after Caporetto; this later turned out to be instrumental for the purposes of the Italian reorganization on the front along the Mt. Grappa - Piave River lines, and, therefore, for the overall outcome of the war. Finally, they were an Austrian-Hungarian fortified compound until the final victory achieved by the Kingdom of Italy in November, 1918.
The territory still enshrines many vestiges of that tragic and extraordinary experience. Trenches, fortifications, mule trails, graffiti that, just like other types of historical documentation, amount to an inalienable historical heritage. A “living” heritage, being wrapped up in nature, within a landscape context that is by itself enough to satisfy even the most demanding tourist.
The Interreg III/A Project titled “The Sights of the Great War in the Friulan Hills” is meant to enhance and promote the remains of that battlefield, by means of activities like this site, the implementation of historical pathways, museum and multimedia halls, guides and other initiatives described below. This will allow the users, after all, we, the citizens, to cherish an area rich in history, values, appeal and beauty.
Therefore, why visiting the sights we are about to describe? Undoubtedly, in order to follow some pleasurable hiking routes for a trip, to work out a conflict of the past with a view to friendship and cooperation among European peoples, to feel memories we may have forgotten, to visit peculiar military sites, which are captivating to the devotees.
However, I feel I have to recommend a trip dedicated to the sights of the Great War primarily because I am myself under the spell emanating from these “jewel cases” of our common identity. Consequently, I think I can guarantee the value of the feelings and suggestions you will be able to feel there, and I invite you to go on Mt. Ragogna, on the shores of the Tagliamento, on the islet of Clapat, on Mt. Prat, on the hill of San Daniele, and at the museum showroom dedicated to the first world war: it's unlikely that you'll be disappointed.

Marco Pascoli